ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
Starter substance in metabolism
ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE FOR THE HUMAN ORGANISM
Fats and oils contain various types of fatty acids. They are divided into saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Saturated fatty acids are mainly found in animal foods such as meat and sausages. Monounsaturated fatty acids are mainly found in vegetable oils. Polyunsaturated fatty acids are divided into Omega-3- and Omega-6 fatty acids. They belong to the essential nutrients. Since they cannot be produced by the human organism itself, they must be constantly supplied through food. As essential components of all cell membranes, Omega-3- and Omega-6 fatty acids are important for cell growth and regeneration. They are also found in vegetable oils such as borage, perilla and grape seed oil as gamma linolenic, alpha linolenic and linoleic acid; linoleic acid being the "parent substance" for the formation of higher-value unsaturated fatty acids such as alpha and gamma linolenic acid.