VITAMINS & TRACE ELEMENTS
Vitamins - building blocks of life.
VITAMINS AND WHY THEY ARE SO IMPORTANT.
Vitamins are vital substances that the organism needs to maintain metabolic and bodily functions. They are normally supplied to the body with food, preferably with a varied mixed diet. The importance of vitamins for the health and well-being of humans has been impressively confirmed by the results of vitamin research in recent years. The food supplement with water-soluble vitamins can be useful up to three times the reference values for nutrient intake, especially for seniors, pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers, top athletes, heavy smokers and persons with high alcohol consumption or strictly reduced food intake.* This also applies to people who, for various reasons, eat one-sidedly or insufficiently. Due to new findings, the recommendation for vitamin intake has been partially amended. For example, the values for vitamin C in adult men have been increased to 110 mg, for adult women to 95 mg and for folic acid to 300 μg per day. Comparative studies have shown that the supply of the important folic acid in Germany is not sufficient. Therefore particularly women, who want to become pregnant, are recommended to supplement their food with daily 400 μg Folsäure. In short, vitamins contribute to supporting or maintaining many normal functions of the human organism.
Vitamin AVitamin A belongs to the group of fat-soluble vitamins. The collective term vitamin A refers to all synthetic and natural substances with vitamin A-like biological activity. Vitamin A in preformed forms is found exclusively in animal foods such as liver, eggs and dairy products. In addition, vitamin A is present in the form of provitamins in various plant foods such as yellow and green vegetables and in many fruits.
A vitamin A deficiency can manifest itself in the following symptoms, among others:
Vitamin of the B groupThe vitamins of the B-group belong to the water-soluble vitamins. They are found mainly in cereal germs, legumes, muscle meat and offal. They are only stored in small amounts and excreted relatively quickly by the kidneys. An increased need for B vitamins, as can occur in members of the risk groups, must therefore be covered by an increased intake. An intake of up to three times the reference values (DGE; Ernährungsumschau 47 (2000) Issue 9) can be useful.
A vitamin B deficiency can manifest itself in the following symptoms, among others:
A vitamin C deficiency can be manifested by the following symptoms among others:
A vitamin D deficiency can be manifested by the following symptoms, among others:
A vitamin E deficiency can be manifested by the following symptoms, among others:
VITAMINS & TRACE ELEMENTS
Trace elements - building blocks of life.
Trace elements belong to the mineral substances and are vital inorganic nutrients which the organism cannot produce itself; they must be supplied with food. Trace elements or microelements appear in the body in low concentrations, but leave a large gap if they are absent.